Do You Need to Replace Your Ducts?
The ducts in your home may be tucked away behind walls, under floors and in ceilings, attics and crawlspaces. Because you don’t see the ducts often, they’re easy to forget about until they affect the comfort levels in your home. Defective ductwork not only makes rooms feel stuffy, they can lower the quality of indoor air and increase energy costs. By recognizing the signs of duct-related problems, you’ll take strides in improving the health of your home and its energy use.
The Impact of Ducts in Your Home
Ductwork used in HVAC systems remove and deliver air throughout a home. Heating and cooling ducts, or supply ducts, send conditioned air into the rooms of your home to maintain comfortable temperatures. In general, one end of the duct is connected to the HVAC unit, and the other ends connect to the registers in each room. Return air ducts re-circulate the air in a home. After conditioned air enters a room, a blower fan cycles it back through the HVAC system via the return ducts, which are connected to larger vents.
Ductwork problems are year-round and can affect the following if they fail or have leaks:
- Energy use: A damaged, improperly designed or leaky duct may cause air to enter unoccupied areas in the home, such as the attic or spaces between the walls. As a result, an HVAC system might have to work up to 40 percent harder to maintain comfortable temperatures.
- Comfort levels: Faulty ductwork can make rooms feel hotter and more humid during the summer, and too cold in the winter. Similarly, the temperatures throughout your home might not feel consistent because the ducts can’t blow conditioned air evenly into each room.
- Occupant health: Air leaks in ductwork may contain fumes from household products, insulation particles, dust, mold and other allergens. The substances can trigger allergy symptoms in home occupants, which can be dangerous for those with upper respiratory conditions, such as asthma.
Should I Replace My Ducts?
Ductwork problems don’t always require replacements. A licensed HVAC contractor that specializes in ductwork can perform tests to help determine the best course of action for your home’s system.
Signs that you might need a replacement include:
- Improper duct design: In addition to leaks, improperly designed ductwork is one of the leading causes of HVAC energy losses because the system can’t circulate air to heat or cool your home efficiently or effectively. Even if the HVAC equipment is the right size, inadequate duct design can prevent its proper function.
- Crushed, torn, twisted or kinked flexible ductwork: Flexible plastic ducts are commonly used in homes. Because the material is not rigid, it is vulnerable to becoming damaged beyond repair, which restricts airflow or diverts it to unoccupied spaces.
- Mold: Common symptoms of duct leaks are excess dust and musty odors in a room caused by mold. If mold infiltrates ductwork, it could send spores into your home. For the sake of your health, it’s best to replace mold-infested ducts.
- Age: Ducts and their seals, joints, and seams can deteriorate in as little as 10 years. If the ductwork in your home is more than a decade old and causes energy, comfort or health problems, a replacement might be the best course of action.
When to Call an Expert
When your HVAC system and thermostat work well, but you experience any of the problems below, call a licensed expert to schedule a duct inspection and blower test:
- The air in your home feels muggy during the summer
- The air in your home feels too dry during the winter
- Some rooms feel warmer or cooler than the others throughout the year
- Your energy bills keeps getting more expensive
- You notice musty odors and can’t find the source
- Your home seems excessively dusty
- Allergy and asthma sufferers notice an increase in symptoms while inside the home
- You notice deteriorating tape or mastic at the joints between the spans of ductwork
- You notice disconnected spans of ductwork
- You see streaks of dust from ductwork seams
- You see evidence of corrosion
- You notice that registers are not sealed well at the duct connection
When a specialist inspects ductwork, they will perform tests to measure airflow, pressure, insulation levels and speed. The tests will determine if leaks are present and if duct replacement is necessary.
New, high-performance ducts are better insulated and engineered to be quieter, handle higher airflows, and deliver air to the spaces in your home with more consistency. To learn if a duct replacement is right for your home comfort needs or to schedule an inspection, contact AAA Heating and Cooling through our simple, user-friendly online form. Let us know how we can be of service.